Symbolism of Onyx StoneSymbolism of Onyx Stone

Throughout the pages of the Bible, various stones hold significant symbolic meanings, offering profound insights into spiritual and cultural contexts. Therefore, one such stone, the onyx, carries deep significance in biblical narratives. As we delve into the rich tapestry of biblical history, we will explore the multifaceted symbolism of onyx stone. As well as  how it is mentioned in both the Old and New Testaments. From its representation of purity to its role in high priestly garments, the onyx stone emerges as a fascinating and spiritually charged element in biblical lore.

The Onyx Stone in the Old Testament

To begin with, in the Old Testament, the onyx stone appears as a symbol of purity and righteousness. It is often associated with themes of holiness and divine presence. One of the earliest mentions of the onyx stone is found in the book of Genesis, where it is listed as one of the precious stones adorning the breastplate of the high priest.

Additionally, the book of Exodus highlights the onyx stone’s significance in the context of the construction of the Tabernacle—a portable sanctuary used by the Israelites during their wilderness journey. Exodus 28:9-12 describes how the onyx stone was engraved with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. Therefore, symbolizing the unity and chosen status of God’s people.

Furthermore, the onyx stone is mentioned in the book of Job, where its intrinsic value is compared to wisdom. In Job 28:16, it is written, “It cannot be valued in the gold of Ophir, in precious onyx or sapphire.” This comparison underscores the idea that wisdom and spiritual discernment are more precious than any material wealth.

Symbolism of Onyx Stone
         Symbolism of Onyx Stone

Transitioning to the New Testament

As we transition to the New Testament, we find the onyx stone taking on a different but equally profound significance. In the Gospel of Matthew, the onyx stone serves as a symbol of divine illumination. Matthew 6:22 states, “The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eyes are healthy, your whole body will be full of light.” Early Christian theologians often interpreted this passage metaphorically, suggesting that an “healthy eye” signifies spiritual clarity and insight.

In this context, the onyx stone serves as a metaphor for a clear and enlightened mind, free from spiritual blindness and ignorance. It emphasizes the importance of seeking spiritual understanding and discernment.

The Onyx Stone in High Priestly Garments

One of the most prominent uses of the onyx stone in the Bible is in the construction of the high priest’s breastplate. Therefore, this sacred garment, known as the “breastplate of judgment” or “breastplate of decision,” played a central role in the religious practices of ancient Israel.

In the book of Exodus (28:15-21), detailed instructions are given for the creation of the breastplate. It was to be made of fine linen and adorned with twelve precious stones. Therefore, each representing one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The onyx stone, engraved with the name of one of the tribes, served as a significant component of this breastplate.

Transitioning to the Significance

The breastplate symbolized the high priest’s role as an intercessor between God and the people of Israel. When he entered the Holy of Holies on the Day of Atonement, the onyx stone on his breastplate represented not only the purity of the priest but also the sanctity and unity of the entire nation. It was a powerful reminder of God’s presence and His covenant with His chosen people.

Furthermore, the onyx stone was believed to possess protective properties. It was thought to guard against negative energies and evil influences. Therefore, making it an apt choice for a garment worn during sacred rituals.


In conclusion, the onyx stone holds a deep and multifaceted meaning in the Bible. From its representation of purity and righteousness in the Old Testament to its symbolization of spiritual clarity and enlightenment in the New Testament, onyx remains a significant element in biblical narratives. Therefore, its role in the high priest’s garments and its association with divine protection underscore its importance in the religious and spiritual life of ancient Israel.

As we explore the symbolism of the onyx stone in the Bible, we are reminded of the enduring power of symbols and metaphors in conveying profound spiritual truths. Just as the onyx stone served as a physical reminder of God’s presence and the unity of His people in ancient times, it continues to inspire and enrich our understanding of faith and spirituality today.

By Luke